In golf, four things are essential for the players- speed, control, distance, and height. There are several tricks that pro golfers use to achieve these four factors. However, one of the most influential and common tricks is playing with a backspin ball.
Now that might seem a little bit off to you, but it has been proven that applying backspins on a ball can help a player in many ways; two of them are to gain both control and distance. However, producing the backspin on the golf ball requires weeks of practice, precision, and cautiousness. You cannot harness the talent in just one day, especially not without knowing the basics.
This is why we will be discussing all the relevant matters to the backspin in a golf ball, starting with why it is so crucial to how you can produce it. So, without wasting any more time, let us get started.
What Is A Backspin In A Golf Ball And How It Is Produced?
As the name suggests, backspin means anticlockwise rotation of the golf ball as soon as it touches the air. Instead of propelling forward with a clockwise spin, the ball works against the air’s drift, cutting through it because of its anticlockwise rotation.
Every golf ball has a particular center of gravity. It varies with the placement of the ball on the tee or the ground. Usually, to send the ball in a forward direction, the golfer needs to hit it right at the center of gravity.
However, in the backspin case, you need to hit right below its center of gravity with the clubface. As a result of this hit, the ball will launch itself high up in the air while rotating in a backward direction continuously.
Why Backspins Are A Real – Life Savior?
Now, since you know what a backspin is, it is time to understand the importance of this spin type on the golf field. Spins are very crucial for achieving a proper shot with the club. For example, whenever you want to send the ball to a great distance, but with low flight, you need to generate topspin.
However, if you want to gain more control over your shot, you need the ball’s backspin. There are two significant advantages of producing this particular spin while playing. Here are the reasons:
- More lift
When you are hitting the ball intending to produce a backspin, you launch the ball high up in the air. If you notice carefully, a golf ball has some dimples on its surface, which produce the lift in the ball. When you are striking it with your club correctly, the dimple creates more backspin and helps to launch the ball high in the air.
When you want to gain control of the ball’s rolling on the field, you need to generate a backspin. Once the ball lands on the ground, the anticlockwise rotation creates friction with the ground, which helps the ball to cease its motion in a short time. As a result, the ball won’t roll further on the ground, and hence, you will be able to achieve your target without missing a shot quickly.
What factors affect the backspin on the golf ball?
Before learning more about the ways of putting an opposite rotational movement on golf, you need to know the essential factors for the job in the first place. So, here we have discussed certain aspects without which you can never produce a backspin in the ball.
- Clubhead speed
When you are using the wedge to produce a backspin on the ball, you need to ensure that the impact force should be relatively high, regardless of the club’s length. If the speed is low, you would never get the concerning speed of the ball. So, be sure to produce a high-speed swing at the time of impact on the ball.
- Spin Loft
In reality, the Loft is the angle between the clubface and the shaft to which it is connected. The loft angle is the highest in the wedges since the clubface is placed almost sharply on the shaft’s body. Now, when you hit a ball with the wedge, two things will be created- one is the attack angle, which is the angle of impact on the ball’s surface, and the second is a virtual loft.
The angle between these two vector directions is known as the spin loft. The more the spin loft angle more will be the backspin on the ball.
- Frictional force
The frictional force is very crucial for maintaining the spin in a golf ball. For the backspin, you need higher frictional force, which can be achieved by ensuring that no hurdle comes between the ball and your clubface. You can use certain to increase the frictional force. They are:
- The grooves on the wedge should be sharper and more delicate. With blunt grooves, you won’t be able to produce a lot of friction.
- Using balls that have a lot of dimples to cause friction at the time of impact.
- If you are placing the ball on the ground, the grass shouldn’t come in the way of addressing because it will reduce the generated friction force on the ball.
- For more friction, the surfaces of the ball, as well as that of the clubface, should be completely dry. So, make sure there isn’t a speck of moisture present on these surfaces.
- Ground condition
A golf course is quite big, with green grasses covering most of the surface. Now, if you look closely, you will understand that some areas have longer and rougher grass, while some have shorter and smoother grass. For producing backspins, you need to play on the part of the field, which has shorter grass length with a smoother finish.
- Wind drift
Since you will play the game out in the open, you will indeed feel the wind’s drift. Now, golfers who usually prefer a backspin ball prefer to play when the wind flows towards them. So, be sure that the wind drift is not against you since that will produce a hindrance in the ball’s anticlockwise spin.
- The slope of the ground:
Usually, the greens have slopes in different areas. When you choose a target that you want to reach with backspin, you need to make sure that the location has a downward slope away from it. This downward slope will generate a frictional force on the ball, thereby stopping abruptly, which is the backspin’s ultimate goal.
How Can You Produce The Backspin On A Golf Ball?
Our next discussion will be about how you can generate backspins in the golf ball. So, rather than engaging ourselves in some other conversions, let us divulge immediately in this impending discussion.
- Ball position and posture
The first step you want to work on is the golf ball position. Usually, balls are placed in the middle of your split legs, irrespective of its distance between your torso and its position. However, when you want to generate a backspin, you need to place the ball close to your lead leg, which always remains behind the neutral position’s trailing leg.
The reason for this is that the moment you will place the ball behind your trailing leg, you will be able to hit it from a lower direction, right below its center of gravity point.
The next thing you need to work on is your posture. Make sure that your stance is perfect, with your legs spread wide apart, your trailing leg being placed first followed by the lead leg. You have to keep your shoulders in proper alignment so that your swing doesn’t come out as an embarrassing scenario. You also need to work on your hips and back since the backspin requires a long swing, which comes as hard and fast.
- Attack angle
The attack angle is the angle between the ball’s surface and the clubface at the point of impact. When you aim for a backspin, you need to ensure that this attack angle is steeper compared to other times. So, the clubface must be as close to the impact point as possible, which will make the impact angle more vertical and perfect for the anticlockwise rotation.
- A ball over turf
Usually, when a golfer hits the ball, the clubface first interacts with the green turf on the ground, and then it suffers a small bounce and hit the ball. However, in the case of the backspin, you need to do just the opposite. It means that your aim and swing should be such that the clubface hits the ball first, and then it may or may not interact with the turf.
This is because when your clubface hits the turf, it loses some of its speed and also a part of the impact force. As a result, the frictional force decreases, and hence, the moment you will hit the ball, it won’t go up in the air with a backspin.
- Lower impact point:
As discussed, you need to hit the ball at a lower point than its center of gravity when being placed on the ground. The lower you hit, the higher will be the backspin rate.
- Accelerating clubface:
During the downswing, you need to make sure that the club is not getting decelerated by any chance. You need an accelerating clubface if you want to produce a backspin on the ball. So, don’t forget to maintain the swing’s speed, especially in the case of the downswing. With more speed, you will be able to produce a more significant impact on the ball, and hence, it will get launched high up in the air.
Here are some ways of increasing the clubface’s speed:
- Address the ball in the right direction. For a backspin shot, an open clubface will be more ideal than a square clubface.
- Place the chest behind the ball, with your hips tilted backward. This will give you more leverage over the speed of the ball at the time of impact.
- Do not unhinge the wrists before the downswing. If you unhinge it, you will lose control over the club, thereby decreasing its speed further.
- Your grip on the club’s shaft shouldn’t be too firm. If your hold is strong, you won’t have enough room to increase its speed at the time of downswing.
What Mistakes To Avoid While Producing A Backspin?
Lastly, you need to know about the mistakes that you must avoid at any cost during your backspin shot. This will help you play a straightforward golf game, leaving no room for errors during and after the shot. So, here are some tips!
- Do not use a blunt wedge on the golf ball. A blunt wedge is characterized by a clubface having worn out grooves. This will not generate enough frictional force to lift the ball high in the air. So, replace the grooves now and then if you are into backspins more than any other player.
- Perfect hold on your swing is very crucial. It would help if you keep your stance correctly, without being too rigid or too loose. Ensure that your body is flexible, and you are using it as your weapon for hitting the ball low.
- Proper alignment of the clubface with the golf ball is exceptionally essential. It is suggested that you play with an open clubface rather than a square one since the former will help you to hit low than the latter.
- Do not play a backspin shot if the wind has a drift against you. It will not help the ball to rotate anticlockwise, regardless of how much speed you are providing at the time of impact.
- Avoid playing backspins in the massive green part of the course. These parts are covered with long grasses, which usually have moisture on the leaf’s surfaces. These two factors will tremendously reduce the friction force, thereby preventing you from giving a high backspin rate to the golf ball.
Understanding everything at a time about the backspin will leave you feeling overwhelmed. So, take your time and do not rush into it. After all, you need to take care of several factors before you can master your backspin shots like the pro tour players.